John recently gave a lecture, "How Christianity Changed the Lives of Children," as part of St. Thomas' New Frontiers in Theological Research Lecture Series. The introduction concludes about 5 minutes in.
From the description:
John W. Martens' lecture focuses on the general ways in which childhood was lived and understood in the Greco-Roman and Jewish worlds between 4th century BCE and 4th century CE. It then examines the ways in which Christianity both followed the patterns of the Greco-Roman and Jewish worlds and the manner in which theses ways were challenged or transformed. While much remained unchanged for children in Christianity, Jesus' teachings on the place of children as spiritual models and the Christian criticism of the sexual abuse of children in late antiquity set the groundwork for notable shifts in the lives of children